The War Letters of Captain Tacitus T. Clay, C.S.A.

Captain Tacitus T. Clay (Co. I, 5th Tx), Independence Texas


Footnotes by Col. Harold B. Simpson

Tacitus Thomas Clay was born in 1824,1 the son of Nestor Clay, pioneer settler and Indian fighter of Austin's Colony. Nestor Clay cane from Kentucky with his family at an early date and secured a grant of land near Cole's Settlement, now Independence, in Washington County, Texas.2

Upon reaching manhood, Tacitus T. Clay assumed administration of his father's plantation and also invested in a mercantile establishment in the town of Independence. On June 1, l854, he married Bettie Seward, daughter of another; Washington County pioneer. 3

At the outbreak of the War Between the States, Tacitus T. Clay was serving as the Mayor of Independence; one of his last official acts in this capacity was to chop down the 'liberty pole" bearing the Stars and Stripes which had been raised in the town square.4

Clay was a close personal friend of Jerome B. Robertson,5 who later rose to the rank of Brigadier General in the Confederate Army. When the call came for volunteers, Robertson raised a company of men from Washington County. Calling themselves the "Texas Aids" these volunteers enrolled at Independence, Texas, August 3, 1861; Robertson was elected Captain and T.T Clay the First Lieutenant. The company was mustered into Confederate Service in Richmond, Virginia, September 9, l861 and served with distinction in most of the major battles of the war, Their official designation was Company I, 5th Regiment, Texas Brigade. The battle record of these fighting Texans earned for them the highest praise of military historians; at Appomattox, their decimated ranks bore witness to the headlong courage of Lee's shock troops.6

Following are letters written by Captain Clay to his wife Bettie during his service with the Army of Northern Virginia.

J. and N. Winfield
Chappell Hill, Texas

Letter #1

Camp Bragg near Richmond, Virginia

Oct. 6th 1861


Mrs, Bettie Clay

Independence, Tex,

Dear Bettie,

We arrived here day before yesterday, and we were so busy that day getting our men out to the Camp, and yesterday we had to move our quarters again. I was left in Command of our Company and of course had to superintend the matter and all this day up to the present moment, I've been writing our Muster Roll & this is the only spare moment that has been afforded me to write you--but this is sufficient for me if I confine myself to the war news, as that is particularly meager. I am happy to say that the most of our sick are now doing well--the only exception I believe is that of Lathe Morriss7 & Billy Morgan.8 Morriss is chilling it & Morgan had considerable fever today.

We have seen the most of the young men from our neighborhood belonging to other Companies of this Regiment & the fourth regiment with the exception of Bowlin [sic] Eldridge9 and Ogle Love10 they are all well & as fat as Bears--Ogle has been sick ever since his coming here, & I understand he will receive his Discharge and go home as his imprudence in eating & never following the advice of his physician [Phisician][sic] renders his recovery here impossible. Bowlin [sic] is down with fever, but is dangerously ill, and will soon recover. Jimmy Robatoon [Robatson][sic] is in indifferent health--Dr. D,12 Frank R.13 and Frank Eledridge14 are fatter & look 50 pr. cent better than any one ever saw them, Cousin Atty15 looks well, and has never been sick. You can say to every one there that those who preceded us are all well & looking better than I ever saw them, excepting those I have enumerated above.

We are assigned to the 5th Texas Regiment & Dr, D. & Frank are in the 4th Texas Regiment & have received orders to march to western Va. & I presume will be placed under Genl, Lee. They leave so soon as the Government can procure them arms, Our' Comdr', is a Col. Archer16 of Maryland and [he] held some position in the late U. S. Army. He is a little fellow about the size of George,17 and may possibly be a very efficient man if in the Command of Regulars, but I fear he is not of the right type to control or give satisfaction to Texas volunteers and the dissatisfaction in and out of ranks is very general and I think there is a movement on foot with our Captains (mine excepted) to have him supplanted & our Captain R. placed in Command, This I should greatly prefer if it was not placing me at the head of our Company18 --a position I have never sought--& one that I fear I should not do much credit in--either to myself or Company.

I fear that from the way things are a going on here if they (the Regiment) remain in the present hands, we will not to do anything [illegible] but about the time we get ourselves in something like order & disaplined [sic;] we will be put in Winter quarters, There has been no Battle yet with Genl. Lee & Rosencrants [sic]--as was reported a day or two back--nor is there any probability of Beauregard engaging the Lincoln forces before the 15th of this month--So say the papers, and I possibly might as well speculate about these matters as they.

If our Captain should become our Col, I would not be surprised if he (Felix)19 became our Adjutant. Felix is anxious to become one of us, I hope to see him soon.

I do not see what I can write you of interest unless I could write something definite about our movements, but the Government will not allow us little ones to know any thing.

Please tell Mrs. Franklin that Lt, F _____20 is quite well & home--also Mrs. Baber that Lt. Baber21 is fat and looking better than I ever saw him. Dighton22 is quite well, and I think can stand up to Bacon & bread with any of us, Mr. Drake23 has not got up. The two Hill boys24 will be transfered [sic] to our Company & Ed McKnight25 & Blackman26 & all the boys that belonged to our old Company are wanting to get back.

Give my best respects to all. Write soon If you have not already. In directing your letters send them to care of Capt. J.B. Robertson of the 5th Regiment Texas Volunteers, Kiss the children for me and reserve a hundred for yourself, from your affectionate Husband

Tas T. Clay

Letter #2

Richmond, October 19th, 1861

Mrs, Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Bettie:

I wrote you a day or two since per Mr. Wn. Grant27 of Burleson County, and at the time of writing I supposed from what he said that he was going directly] Home, but subsequently I learned that he proposed going through Alabama--and I write now not that I've any thing to communicate of particular interest but because I have an opportunities of sending it directly] home by Col. N. T. Johnson,28 son-in-lay. to Col. Power.29 He has just suceeded [sic] in getting a Commission to raise a mounted Regiment of Texians and starts to Independence in the morning.

I saw Ton Power30 here day before yesterday on his way to Europe, and he was direct from his brothers, and I was glad to learn from him that you were all well.

I have already written a great many letters to you, and though they did not contain a great deal of interesting matter, still I would be glad to get some from you in return, I did not much expect any up to this time as I told you not to write before I wrote you from this place, that you might know how to direct these, but subsequently I wrote you to give me a line at a venture, I am happy to Say that my health still continues to be good. The only draw back so far being nothing more than colds—Dighton is also well--and those of our Company who have been sick are now on the mend. Bowlin [sic] Eldridge is not out of the hospital and in a manner well, Jimmy Robatson is mending slowly—Jo Marsh31 is also mending. Our Regiment is being supplied slowly with the necessary articles to start us on the Winter Campaign--but as to when we will get off from this place and into active service, neither I or anyone Connected with the Regiment can tell, certainly not before we shall be properly armed--and to sums extent drilled.

Tell George that I sent A. J. Law32 a Bill of Exchange to day for Fifty Dollars, and directed him to give us credit to that amount--I have given George a long letter--and tell John33 I will give him one before long but I shall not promise that it will contain much of interest. The Captain wrote him on yesterday. --I mean John--

I hope you and the Children still continue well and hope to see you all before many months. Give my best wishes to your father and mother. Tell Mary34 that I have not yet seen the Adjutant and hope that he will yet be a General, and that she may fully realise [sic] her fondest hopes and brightest dreams.

Love to all: Kiss the children for me and give them the love of an affectionate father--and believe me to be as ever affectionate husband

Tas T. Clay

Letter #3

Camp near Paviells Run, Prince William Cty Va.

November 17th l86l

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Bettie:

I wrote you a short note from Brooks Station on the 12th Inst., and that night a- nine o'clock we left there for Dumfries, three miles below this, word having cone with an urgent dispatch for us to come forward  & join Genl. Wigfall [sic]36 the Lincolnites having crossed in great force the Potomac, and throwing up breast works on the hights just above the mouth of Occoquam, a tributary of the Potomac, the mouth of which is just 4 miles above this. I was officer of the day and led the advance Guard, and as it was a cold night I put a Change of linen in my Knapsack and straped [sic] on it two over Coats--and tramped through to Dumfries by Sun up next Morning--and through as bad roads as ever seen, the road from Nibletts Bluff not excepted. I could have made it in six hours, but I was ordered not to get above a certain distance in advance of the Regiment--and had in conciguence [sic] of that to halt frequently--and wait their coming up. Most of the men threw off their Knapsacks at Aguia Creek eight miles from where we started, and many who were weak, and though their officers attempted to pursuade [sic] them to remain--they were so eager for the fight that they would attempt the march--and the result of it was that many had to stop by the roadside--and have been made seriously sick by its fatigues and exposure.

The distance made that night was 18 miles, On our arrival at Dumfries, we learned that it was a false alarm--and though the Lincolnites were there in large force--they had not yet at-tempted an advance. The entire Regiment arrived at Dumfries about two hours after I got there--here we remained until the next morning and recruited as well as we could--and were ordered to join the 1st Texas Regt. and we had just formed the Battalion when news came that fighting was expected three miles below--and we were put off at quick time for about two miles and ordered to stand at our arms until futher [sic] orders--and that day we did nothing but back & fill until near night--when we were brought to this place--where we will probably remain for some time,

Nov, 18th 1861

Yesterday we commenced throwing up an entrenchment just above us on a considerable eminence, and there are some probabilities of our engaging the enemy in a few days--and we feel confident of the success of our forces--And it is rumored that our Regiment are to be sent on to the Cocoquam, which the Enemy are now preparing to cross and if possible to draw them out--and on to our own ground. If we succeed in this we cannot fail to give them about as decent a drubbing as they have had during this war,

The Texas Aids have dwindled down by sickness until we now only muster about forty men--the balance are in the Hospitals of Richmond, Frederickburgh [sic] Dumfries & our Regimental Hospital. It is deplorable to witness the amount of sickness we have in our army, and how little our men profit by experience, I feel thankful though that thus far we have lost but one of our Company. [See Note 24, Green W. Hill]

Dighton is well, a slight cold excepted--So is Mr. Drake. Henv37 we left sick at Brooks Station, together with Billy Holmes38 & Ben Baldwin39--but none of them were seriously sick, and I think they will be up to night.

Col, Robertson is well and as usual working like a Turk, Lt. Franklin is also well--and has just got in to camps--having been one of the Officers put in Command of the fatigue party--who were at work last might at the entrenchments.

The only sickness now in my command is from colds--and none of them appear to be of a serious character, I have my usual health, and hope this will find you and the children well. I should be perfectly content if I knew that Anna40 our dear one, was well again of her hurt--end that you had your health. Give my respects to all, Kiss our babies for me, and tell them not to forget their father--as he hopes soon to see them--and for yourself receive the assurance of the love & affection of your husband.

T.T. Clay

Letter #4

November 19th 1861

I received yours of the 28th ult, last evening through Mr. Kuison [Huison][sic]41 one of my Company, that I had detailed to remain with the sick at Chimborazo Hospital,42 a hospital just started at buildings erected for winter quarters in the lower part of Richmond. I was glad to learn through him that all of the sick left in Richmond were fast recovering--and that there was no doubt of Jerry Stephens,43 Thomas Bates,44 and Laith Morriss receiving their discharges.

He also brought word that Col. Robertson's boy was fast recovering, and would be able in a few days to come up and go to work, He says Lt, Franklin's boy though better, he thinks he will be unable for Service this winter. I brought "At"45 up with me as the measles did not seem to go hard with him, and he has been doing very well, until yesterday, he is now suffering from sore throat, If he should get sick just now our mess would have to go to cooking for themselves, as Lt. Kerr's46 boy was taken down yesterday. "At" does not seem so anxious to engage the Yankees as he was some time back when farther off--and yesterday he told me that when I went into the fight he wanted me to give him a Pass so that he might be able to get home in case I should fall. I do not Know whether to give him one or not, as he might run off at the first fire & when I got back I might find great difficulty in finding my body guard.

I was up all last night, as Officer of the Fatigue Party, now engaged in throwing up redoubts on the hills overlooking a valley where we anticipate engaging the Lincolnites in a Short time, If we can draw them in to this trap we have set, no one has any doubts of the result--as in position we will have every advantage of them, and could whip thrice our number if our equals in every other respect. I have no fears on any account, and pray you to have none--and do not become depressed on my account, You cannot realise [sic] how much gratification your note gave me and take it for granted that our dear Anna is now well, Kiss the dear little one for me one hundred times--and tell her to save some Kisses for her Pa--

You must give the boys a Kiss for me too & tell them to be good children. I am kindly & affectionately your husband.

T.T. Clay

Letter #5

Botetourt Springs, Va,

July 27th 1862

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Bettie.

I wrote you a good long letter just before I left Richmond which I intended giving into the hands of either Neil Blue47 or Randy Rainey,48 but greatly to my dissapointment [sic] neither one of them cane to see me,--and I left the letter and a bundle of papers with Edey49 the agent of our Regiment, to be sent by them, I hope they got them and that they had a prosperous journey Home, and that they have found their friends well--and that their healths have been greatly improved and that there is every prospect of their speedy recovery-though I must acknowledge, that at one time I felt considerably vexed at their not coming to see me--for I knew it would afford you so much more satisfaction to meet some one who had just seen me and could verify that I was mending as fast [as] I said I was, I am still improving and am getting every attention--and plenty of good wholesome Country fare--and you may be assured that I do full justice to what is placed before me — Morning noon and night.

The wound on my leg,50 where the bullet entered has healed up and the place where it was out out is nearly well--but a place where the bullet came very near coming out but was turned back, I presume by a rinkle [sic] in my boot, has not closed but will be in a few days.

The wound on my side has filled out even with the surface, and has nearly closed or healed up--and on my back where it was cut out it has been healed up several days. The greatest difficulty now will be my walking--for the shot in the leg has injured some of the nerves, and it will require some time for them to be restored. Should I not get well enough in the next month, or a prospect of my being able soon thereafter to join my Company, I shall make application for leave of absence, and if granted come Home--for you need no assurance to believe I hope that I want to see you and the Children as much as a loving husband and father could--the fact is that since I was wounded, I am growing to be a regular milksop, and am more than halfway home-sick--and my seeing so many Children frolicking around here with their happy faces, do [sic] not help matters much. I wish from my heart, that this infernal war was at an end--and from the appearances of things North, and the difficulty they have in getting recruits--we will not have to give them many more signal defeats before they will be about as sick of it as I am. They acknowledge on all hands now that they will have to resort to a draft--to get the new levy of Men--and the U. S. government now authorizes the arming of the Negroes and the subsisting of their armies in any of our Country that they may overrun.

The premium on gold and on foreign exchange is still advancing at the North--end silver change has disappeared there--and the government itself--has legallized [sic] the use of Post Office Stamps for change in Lincoln's dominions. His Highness just before the adjournment of his Congress he delivered a written Speach [sic] to the Border States representatives praying for their Cooperation in inducing their States to immediately adopt or pass Emancipation acts--and he would pledge the payment by the U. S. government of $300.00 pr "contraband" and that said emancipated slaves should or would be ultimately be sent to South America--and there Colonized. Some of them have already been sent to Haty [Haiti]--and some few cargoes have been sent to Cuba, the Philanthropic Yanks having discovered that they were not quite prepared for entire freedom--I suppose.

I see further that the Yankee negroes, and our contrabands have been fighting in several places in the north--a jealousy having already sprung up between them. The Yankee negroes think the blacks will or are bringing down the price of labour, etc,--I pitty [sic] the poor negroes in many instances--but have none for the Yanks.

Dighton is quite well--and will start back tomorrow morning to join his Regiment, he has improved a good deal since he came up, He has run around over these hills or mountains--and drank [sic] sulphur water--and admired the pretty girles [sic] here at this Institute--and enjoyed the good fare--and his improvement is quite perceptible [sic]. Last night, Saturday, either he or I was greatly Complimented--the Young Ladies came around at a late hour and gave us a Cerinade [sic]. They sang and played beautifully—Home: Sweet Home--& My Maryland were two of the songs.

"At" is not well. I expect if I do not Come Home soon I will have to send him--as his feet and andes [sic] seem to get no better--and he has got so that he cannot stand a March at all.

I will get Dighton to write from Richmond as soon as he gets down, you will direct your letters to Richmond--as I've made arrangements to have them sent on here. Remember me to all my friends. Kiss the Children for me--and receive the love of your affectionate Husband.

T.T. Clay

Letter #6

Shreveport, La,51

May 30th 1863

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Wife:

I am still here & possibly I shall remain here until Monday this being Saturday--as I've learned that I can go now whenever I choose, and that I will be permnted [sic] to carry on my recruits,52 I could as I've just stated go on now, but I hope by that time (Monday) to learn definitely what has been the result of the Conflict at Vicksburg and neighborhood--for if the Miss, is to be in the hands of the Enemy and we are to be cut off from the East, I would prefer to be on this side of the river, where I could stand some chance of hearing now and then of you and our dear children, I hope I will receive a letter from You before I leave this place.

We are getting some very flattering accounts from Vicksburg, but they are rumor, nothing of an official character having yet come to hand. The News of this morning is that the Feds have attached, or charged our works in the rear of Vicksburg six times and that we have repulsed them with great loss to them--their loss is estimated at thirty odd thousand, another rumor is that England has declared war against the U. S. If both of these reports could be true we might look for a speedy termination of this War--but no reliance can of course be placed in them. I do not doubt but what Johnston will finally whip Grant--if Vicksburg only has provisions, to hold out for a month or more.

I will write you again before leaving here. I wish I had to staid [sic] at Home to the present time, I have felt uneasy & dissatisfied ever since I got hero.

Remember me to Mr. & Mrs. Seward--& Mary and all the relations, Kiss our Children for me and when you write tell me all about them and what they say about me.

Receive the love of your

Affectionate Husband

T. T. Clay

Letter #7

Monroe, Louisia

June 4th 1863

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Wife.

I reached here this morning and will take a Steamboat this evening for Trinity 170 miles below here enroute for Natches. One half of the reports that you have seen are untrue--Johnston a day or two since was still in the neighborhood of Jackson waiting for Artillery. Loring having lost his, Johnston has a respectable force, and there is little doubt but what we will come out victorious whenever we attack them in the war. We still have greatly the advantage of then in their assault upon Vicksburg. It is said they have sent in several Flags of Truce, asking for a cessation of hostilities until they could bury their dead, but we would not listen to them. If what we learn from Vicksburg be true, we can repulse them with out any outside aid.

I got your letter of the 22nd and though it contained the news of death to some of our friends, with the friends of whom I deeply sympathize, still you cannot well imagine how much good it did me, I was as nervous and as uneasy in my feelings almost as I was on leaving you and the dear ones at home. I could hardly repress my tears, but they were grateful ones, when I read yours of your improvement and that of our little ones, How I wish I could see you and them.

Walker's division and Taylor’s are thrown in here to cut off the Enemy's supplies between this and Vicksburg. I have no apprehension but what we will get through all safe from the Enemy. The two Jimmys are well, but I do wish I had never started with them.

Remember me to your father, mother, Mary, and all the friends, Kiss the Children for me, and for yourself receive the love and affection of.

Your husband

T.T. Clay

Letter #8

Fredericksburg, Virginia

August 17th 1863

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Bettie:

I wrote you some few days back, and sent it pr. hands of Sgt. Park53 late of my Company--end I trust he may reach home & friends in safety, as there never was a truer man to the Cause than he--and I feel assured that if it is possible to get the letter through to you he will carry it.

When I last wrote I was complaining but as I predicted I expected to be well in a day or two--end I was right--and I am now in a manner well!-- So is your brother--who is now off on a foraging expedition to gather edibles for Genl. R____'s table and with all his work--and he is indefatigable--he is but able, together with our Commissary, to provide it sparingly with the actual necessaries of life--& occasionally with some few luxuries--such as apple pies & peach cobblers. I make it convenient to drop in on the Genl. no-" & then to get what I consider a good dinner, The Genl. dispenses every thing, as he so well knows how to, in a generous and bountiful manner, but I fancy that his Cook would just as soon I would make my visits less frequent and not be such a drain upon  his hospitality.

The Genl. is in his usual health--and the Camps of our Brigade are now in a Manner deserted as he has marched it off to Division Review, Yesterday we had Brigade Review. I witnessed that & as I had loaned Dighton my horse to make this trio to Fort Royal, I took advantage of it and have remains away & in consequence I may get a blowing up by our Major (Hogers);54 or the Genl, The fact is it looks so much like the grand entree of a well appointed Circus Clown, of course I leave course I shall leave out the clown, and will or the sake of truth have to leave out the gay paranalia [sic] of the Mass--though our officers have in truth as much tinsel & occasionally as much traps--as any bedizened King or Queen that ever trod the boards, or flaunted its magisterial robes before the gaping multitude. Well, a grand review of a well appointed and disciplined army is well enough for one to see once in a life time--but for my part I am willing to dispense with these shows (Military) with one exhibition--And when this War is over, and settled to our satisfaction, I do not care if I never see another brass button or shoulder strap, though that would go very hard with some of my fair friends--say Sister Mary,55 Miss Julia R______56 or Betty R______57 Now my dear, do not say that I've mentioned their dear names in this connection--or I shall get such a blessing as will keep my ears a tingling for a week--& perhaps by that time I may have forgotten that I wrote this, & be all unconscious of the cause, You can just say, if they should ask if I ever mention then in my letters, that I send them my very best love, also to Miss's Abby & Mary Marsh,58 after reserving a liberal moity [sic] for Wife & babies--and by the way, though last not least, I would not forget Miss Lucy A______59 In concluding this important paragraph, I will say that they may thank their stars for getting as much notice from me as they do, as I am somewhat chary with my favors--particularly so when I honestly & religiously believe from the best (Abbie or Mary M___ I don't know which) to the worst (Mary S____, Julia P_____ or Betty R________)-- myself or his ________Majesty could hardly tell, -- would prefer a single man's love to mine, even if he were a Confederate Soldier, and had a modicum of gray-backs on his Chivalrous waist band, By the way--my dear-- (but don't whisper it even to the winds) your good men has caught one or two of the rooting scoundrels off his person since his return to the army-- and while I am making a confession I might as well out with it & say, that they staid [sic] long enough on me to build nests, & deposit their eggs--but I did them as Anny Chapman60 did the young mice--when I found them--smashed them!

Our army, as far as I can learn, is scattered from Culpeper Court House down to this point--some forty miles, There is. something over a Division here--and we have some Yankees opposite us--but what number I cannot say. I think maybe they do not exceed a Brigade of Cavalry--and I do not anticipate an engagement (I mean a general one) before October or Nov, The Yankees have not the men--and we have no disposition to engage them in this hot weather. Our Army is in fine spirits, and is receiving accessions to it every day. Our wounded in the late battle at Gettysburg are coming in dally--& those of my Camp who are absent from wounds expect to return to duty soon. John Deane61 is worse off, I learn from Hafner,62 than any of those at Richmond--and he will be fit for duty in a fortnight. I have got nothing yet from Jimmy Holmes,63 Henry Tarver or Billy Short.64 I hope when I do that it will be good news, We got word the other day that Col. Powell65 & Lt. Harper66 were doing well--but this news came through some Yanks end is unreliable,

I may write & something additional to this before I forward it. Give my love to your father, mother and all my friends. Love & Kisses to the Children. Tell Nester he must be learning now & not throw away his time too much. My love & best wishes to you my dear wife

T.T. Clay

Clay's letters from August, 1863, until August, 1864, are missing. During this period the 5th Regiment participated in heavy fighting at Chickamauga, the siege of Chattanooga; the Battles of the Wilderness and Cold Harbor; and the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia, At the Wilderness, Clay received a severe wound in the hand- The Muster Rolls for November, 1863 through September 1864, list him as being in command of the Regiment.

Letter #9

Richmond Virginia

August 23rd 1864

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Wife

As Cactalo Farner67 leaves this evening and I am here, I cannot forbear dropping you a hasty penned line--that you may know I am well & let no opportunity slip to write you however barren our news. We met with a reverse near Petersburg on Saturday & Sunday last. We did not succeed in driving the enemy back from off the Weldon R. R. & I fear that our losses have been great. I dislike this at all times but particularly at this junction of affair--by our successes we are making a peace party at the North (U.S.) and the success or that party is greatly to be desired at this time--by all parties at the South (C. S.). I long for peace myself--and the blessings at-tending it--Home, my wife & children. Kisses to the Children, God bless you my dear wife,

T.T. Clay

Letter # 10

Howards C. Hospital

October 21st l864

Mrs. Bettie Clay

Independence, Texas

My Dear Wife:

I wrote you a few days ago--that in a fight with the enemy on the 7th I was wounded and that my leg was taken off just above the knee, and that I was doing well,68 I am glad to say that I am still doing well with a prospect of a speedy recovery. I cannot well expect to get home under four months. This looks like a terrible calamity, but I bear the loss without repining. I hope the time will not be long before I am with you, and then for a little house, and the dear ones around us.

Remember me affectionately and dutifully to your Father and Mother, to Mary and all the relatives love,

Capt. Baber is doing well, his arm respected above the elbow. It is his left arm. Lt. Franklin well. Drue Morgan's69 is a very bad wound. He is doing well, Jo Hallum70 doing finely--Frank Eldridge is not doing so well--having gangrene in his wound. There is nothing serious though in his case.

Kiss the children for me, and retain am embrace for yourself, God bless you my dear wife is the prayer of your affectionate Husband.

T.T. Clay

Soon after writing this last letter, Captain Clay returned to Texas and was retired from the Confederate Service on January 9, 1865, He did not long survive the passing of that way of life which he had fought so gallantly to defended. Clay died at Independence in 1868 end lies buried in the old cemetery there.


1 Tombstone in Independence Cemetery, Independence, Texas, According to the U. S. Eighth Census, 1860, T. T. Clay was born in Kentucky. U.S. Eighth Census, 1860, (Returns of Schedule No, 1,. Free Inhabitants, Washington County, Texas, microfilm, Houston Public Library, Houston). The original manuscript returns are in Record Group No.29, national archives, Washington, DC

2 "Date of Title March 18, 1831; one League; situated La Bamia near Cole's Mill; remarks: Special Grant." An Abstract of the Original Titles in the General Land Office, reproduced by the Pemberton Press, Austin, l964),12-13. The Handbook of Texas states that Nestor Clay was born in Davies County, Kentucky in 1799, came to Texas in 1822 and settled in Washington County in 1824. Died in Washington County in 1835. Walter Prescott Webb and H. Bailey Carroll (eds.), Handbook of Texas (2 vols.; Austin, 1952), I, 358. Smithwick mentions Nestor Clay as an occasional visitor to the town of San Felipe prior to 1831, and describes him as, "Educated, brilliant, a perfect master of English,…with a family educated and refined and with ample means." Noah Smithwiok (Mama Smithwiok Donaldson, comp.), The Evolution of a State (Austin, 1900), 67-68. The heirs of Nestor Clay were Tacitus T., Lucy Ann Huskill(?), and Mary Jane Clay. Probate Minutes of Washington County, Texas (County Clerk's Office, Brenham), Book C

3 Bettie Seward Clay, born April 16, 1837, died November 15, 1882. Independence Cemetery. She was the daughter of Samuel and Anna Seward who came to Cole's Settlement in the winter of 1833. Samuel Seward became a merchant in this town. Gracey Booker Toland, Austin Knew His Athens, (San Antonio, 1958), 11. Samuel Sward received 25 labors of land fronting on the Brazos River, Dec. 20th, 1834. An Abstract of the Original Land Titles in the General Land Office

4 Mrs. Georgia J. Burleson (coup.), The Life and Writings of Rufus C. Burleson, D,D., LL.D. (1901), 582.

5 Jerome Bonaparte Robertson, born in Kentucky, March 14,1815, came to Texas with the First Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers in 1836. Later settled at Washington on the Brazos. Married Mary Elizabeth Cummins, March 4, 1838, moved to Independence, Texas, Nov., 1245. Died Jan. 7, 1890 in Waco. Independence, Texas, re-interred Oakwood Cemetery. 1896. Harold B. Simpson. Touched With Valor, 1966), 2-23.

6 Only twenty-one men were left in Co. I to surrender at Appomattox, Mrs. A. V. Winkler The Confederate Capital and Hood's Texas Brigade, (Austin, 1894),28O, 286.

7 Salathial A. Morriss, enlisted as a Private in Co, I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on August 3, 1861, in Washington County, Texas, Received a Medical Discharge from Chimborazo Hospital No, 3, Richmond, Va., Nov, 26, 1861. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, P. C. Born Jan, 29, 1838, died Sept. 14, 1907. Tombstone, Prairie Lea Cemetery, Iron-han, Texas.

8 William O. Morgan, enlisted as a Corporal in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. 1nf. on August 3, 1861, in ; Washington County, Texas. Reported sick in the hospital, Richmond, Va., Cot,, 1861 Wounded at Second Manassas, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. Promoted t 5th Sgt. Aug. 1, 1863. Promoted to 6th Sgt. Aug., 1824. Pro-noted to 3rd Sgt. Cot. 31. 1824. Paroled as 2nd Sgt. at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington,. D. C.

9. Bolling Eldsidge, enlisted as a Private in Co. H, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on July 19, 1861, at Washington, Texas, Wounded June 27, 1862, at Cold Harbor [Gaines Mill], Va. Elected 2nd Junior Lt. May 16, 1863. In command of Co, E from Jan. 1864 until he surrendered at Appomattox, April 9, 1665. Promoted 2nd Senior Lt. May 6, 1864. Wounded at the Wilderness Va, May 6, 1866. Ibid, Born Halifax County, Va, no date died Oct, 29, 1938, Prairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Texas.

10 Ogle Love, enlisted as a Private in Townsend’s company Texas Volunteers [later Co. C, 4th Regt.Tex. Inf.] on July 15, 1861 in Robertson County, Texas, Discharged about Oct, 10, 1861. Confederate records, National Archives, Washington, D. C,

11 J, H. Robertson enlisted as Private in Co, C, 4th Tex. 1st. on July 15, 1861, in Robertson County, Texas. On duty as a guerrilla, Nov, 23 - Dec.31, 1861. Killed First Cold Harbor [Gaines. Mill), Va., June 27, 1862. Ibid.

12 Dr, D. Hardeman Robertson graduated from the Medical department, University of Louisiana now Tulane University in 1858. Catalogue of the Alumni, (1901), 29. He enlisted as a Private in Co. C, 4th Regt. Tex. Inf. on July 15, 1861; in Washington County, Texas. Transferred to Co. I, 5th Regt. Nov. 1, 1861. Served as guerilla Nov. and Dec., 1861. Wounded at Manassas Aug. 30, 1862, and furloughed to Texas. He was carried as "disabled" on the Company Roll through Dec., 1864, and apparently never returned to the Regiment. Confederate Records, National archives, Washington, D. C.

13 B. Frank Robertson enlisted as a Private in Co. C, 4th Regt. Tex, Inf. on July 15, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. Transferred to Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. Nov. 1, 1861. Detailed Hospital Nurse at Warrenton, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. Taken prisoner and paroled at Warrenton, Va., Sept. 29, 1862. Transferred to Co. C, 20th Regt. Tex. Vols. May 1, 1863. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C. Born 1840, died Dec. 22, 1922. Prairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Texas,

14 Francis Aristotle Eldridge enlisted as a Private in Co. E, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on July 19, 1861, at Washington, Texas, Wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Promoted to 4th Sgt. Jan. l863 Wounded at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1863. Promoted to 3rd Sgt. March-April, 1864. Wounded Cot. 7, 1864 at Darbytown and New Market Roads, Va. Discharged on Surgeon's Certificate Dec. 15, 1864. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C. Born Halifax County, Na., Nov. 11, 1843, died July 26, 1901, 11 A. M. Prairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Texas.

15 Cousin Atty was Atreus MoCreery Clay. He enlisted as a Private in Co. K, 5th Regt. Tex. 1n. on July 19, 1861, in Washington, Texas. Reported A.O.L. from Friend's Station, East Tenn, Feb. 13, 1864. He appears on a Roster of paroled prisoners Day 26, 1865 as a Private in Co. K, 8th Regt. Tex. Tax. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Born Qwensboro, Ky., March 17, 1644, died July 15, 1923. Independence Cemetery.

16 James Jay Archer resigned his commission in U.S. Army May 14, 1861, to join the Confederacy. Commissioned Colonel of 5th Tex. Inf. C.S.A., 1861. Appointed Brig. Gen. C.S.A., June 3, 1862 and succeeded Robert Hatton as Commanding General of the Tennessee Brigade which he commanded until captured at Gettysburg. Mark Mayo Boatner III, The Civil War Dictionary, (New York, 1966), 23.

17 George Heaves Seward was born Oct. 23, 1824, died Nov. 22, 907, Independence Cemetery. He was the brother of Bettie Seward Clay. Toland, Austin Knew His Athens, 11, Served as Postmaster of Independence, Tex. from Dec., 1861 until Jan, 1865, Grover C. Ramsey (comp.), Confederate Postmasters in Texas (Waco, 1965).

18 T.T, Clay was promoted to Captain and placed in charge of Co. I on Oct, 24, 1861. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

19 Felix Huston Robertson was the son of Gem. Jerome B. Robertson, Commissioned 2nd Lt, C.S.A. in Arty. March 9, 1861, Served at bombardment of Fort Sumter, named Captain Cot,, l86l, led the Ala. Arty. at Shiloh and the Fla. Btry. at Stone's River. Promoted Major of Arty. July 1, 1865. Commanded a battalion at Chickamauga, Named Lt. Col, Jan., 1864 and Brig. Gem. July 26, 1864, not confirmed. Surrendered with this rank at Macon, Ga. April 20, 1865. Boatner, The Civi1 War Dictionary, 702-05.

20 B. J. Franklin enlisted as a 2nd Lt. in Co, I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington Country, Tex, Elected 2nd Senior Lt. Cot, 10, 1861, promoted Cot, 24, 1861, Detailed as Recruiting Officer Feb, 9, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lt. Aug. 1, 1862, Wounded at Second Manassas Aug. 50, 1862, On detail in Texas March 4, 1866. Returned to Co. by July, 1864. Wounded at Darbytown and New Market Roads, Va., Oct, 7 1864. Commanded Co. I at intervals during 1862, 1865 and 1864. Paroled as Captain at Appomattox April 10, 1865, Confederate Records, Nationa1 Archives, Washington, C. C.

21 Thomas A. Baber enlisted as a 1st Lt. in Co, E, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on July 19,1861, at Washington, Texas, Promoted to Captain July 22, 1862, Wounded at Sharpsburg, Md Sept 17, 1862. On detached service to Texas March 4, 1864. Returned to his Co. by July 1864. Wounded at Battle of Darbytown and Market Roads, Va,, Oct, 7, 1864. Retired from Service Dec, 8, 1864 because of wounds, Ibid. Born in Tenn, Mar, 19, 1855, died Aril 8, 1888. Frairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Texas,

22 Gighton was C. 0. Seward. He was the brother of Bettie Seward Clay. bland, Austin Knew His Athens, 11. He enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Texas, 1st. on Aug 3, 1861, in Washington County, Tex. Detailed as a nurse for Capt. Clay, June 28, 1862. Detailed on special duty by Gen, Robertson Got, 22, 1862. Served as Courier, Co, I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. Killed in action at Cold Harbor, June 5, 1864. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

23 J.P. Drake enlisted as a Sgt. in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. Elected to 2nd Junior Lt. Sept. 1,1862, Wounded at Sharpsburg, Md. Sept, 17, 1862, and captured. Exchanged Nov. 8, 1862. Reported dead on his Company roll, Sept. 25 and Oct. 5, 1862. Ibid.

24 Wm. B. Hill enlisted as a Private in Co. G, 5th Regt. Tex. lnf. on July 15, 1861 and transferred to Co. I, Nov, 1, 1861. He was born in Burleson County, Texas, and was a student in college before he enlisted in the army. He became sick and was discharged on Surgeon's Certificate of Disability on Jan. 26, 1862. Ibid.

Green W. Hill enlisted as a Private in Co, I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on Aug 3, 1861, in Washington County, Texas, and died in Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Va,, Nov. 6, 1861, Ibid.

John C. Hill is listed as a member of Co. I by J.H. Polley in Hood's Texas Brigade (New York, 1910), 324. The Service Record for J. C. Hill, however, shows that he enrolled in Co, D, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. and no transfer is indicated, Ibid,

There was also a W. W. Hill who served throughout the War in Co, G, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf, Third.

25 Edward H. McKnight enlisted as a Private in Co. G, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf, July 15, 1861, in Milam County, Tex. Transferred to Co, I, 5th Regt. Ten, Inf. Nov. 1, 1861. Wounded at Second Manassas Aug. 30, 1862. Detailed as a Waggoner June 1, 1865. Transferred to Co. K, 8th Tex. Cav, March 12, 1866. Ibid,

26 There were at least two men named Blackman in the Texas Brigade, neither of which ever transferred to Clay's company. W. J. Blackman enlisted as a Private on July 15, 1861 in G, 5th Regt.Tex. Inf. in Milan County, Tex. He died in the hospital at Dumfries, Va., Dec. 14, 1861, of typhoid fever, His father, Briton Blackman, of Chambers County, Ala,, appointed M. W. Blackman to collect the Confederate service pay due his deceased son. M. W. Blackman enlisted as a Private in Co. G. 5th Regt. Ten, Inf. on July 15, 1861, in Milan County, Tex, He was reported missing, presumed dead, at the battle of Gettysburg July 2, 1665. It is probable that these two men were related, Ibid,

27 There were at least two persons by the names of William Grant who served in the Confederate forces from Texas. One enlisted as a Private in Co. H, 2nd Regt. Cav., Tex. State Troops on Sept. 12, 1865, at Greenville, Tex., and was discharged by Writt of Habeas Corpus. The other William Grant was born in Liverpool, England, occupation sailor. He enlisted as a Private in Co. C, 2nd Regt. Tex. Inf, on Aug. 24, 1861, in Galveston, Tex. Wounded during the siege and made prisoner at the surrender of Vicksburg July 4, 1865, paroled July 7, 1865, returned to Texas and detailed as a Marine in the C. S. Navy aboard the Harriett Lane, Jan. 25, 1864. Ibid.

28 The National Archive's file for H. T. Johnson consists mainly of letters from influential friends to members of the Confederate Government, attempting to secure for Johnson an appointment as Brig. General in command of the four regiments of Texas Mounted Volunteers which Johnson raised. A letter from the Adjutant General's Office, Richmond, Va., to Brig. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, Commander, San Antonio, Texas, Aug. 2, 1861 states that Johnson had raised a Regt. To be armed with "…double barrel shot guns or large bore rifles such as are used in frontier defense and Colts five or six shooter" A letter from Johnson to John H. Reagan written May 29, 1862 from Little Rock, Ark. points out that the first regt. reorganized May 8,1862 as the 14th Regt. Tex. Cav. was "... reorganized under the Conscript Act, during my absence from Corinth under orders from Genl Beauregard after the other three Regiments...were delayed by high waters in Texas and Western Arkansas." Ibid. Johnson was deeply hurt when he learned that Preside Davis had changed his mind and refused to make the appointment. He relinquished command, however, and advised his men to go into service under another commander. A Memorial and Biographical History of Johnson and Hill Counties, Texas (Chicago, 1892), 85.

29 Col. Power' was Charles Power a wealthy English merchant with the firm of merchant with the firm of McCalmont Brothers & Co. of London and Liverpool. He came to Galveston in 1840 where he began buying cotton on a large scale for shipment to England. Ephraim Douglass Adams (ed.), "Correspondence from the British Archives Concerning Texas, 1857-1846," quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, XV, 299-502.

A daughter' of his first marriage, Mary Louise Power Givens, widow of Capt. Newton C. Givens, married Ccl, M. I. Johnson on June 18, 1860. Charles Power' married his second wife, the widow of William Bledsoe of Mobile, Alabama, on April 15,1846. Marriage Records of Galveston County (County Clerk's Office, Galveston), Book A, 70; Book B, 556; Book C, 49,

She was the sister of Margaret Lea, wife of Gen. San Houston, Marcuis James, The Raven, A Biography of San Houston (New York, 1929), 401,415,430,432.

Some sources give her name as "Emily Antionette Lea Poeer," but it is invariably recorded as 'A. E." or "Antionette E." in the Deed Records of Washington County. Charles Power bought land in Washington County as early as 1824, but evidently continued to live in Galveston until about 1858, when he was referred to in the Deed Records as "Charles Poser of Washington County. (County Clerk's Office, Brenham), Cook E, 199; Book F, 52, 293, 463, 493, Book O, 103, 308, 370; Book P 451; Book R, 432; Book S, 354; Book No. 2, 89.

He was a member of Milan Masonic Lodge No, 11 A. F. & A. M. at Independence from 1861 through 1867. Returns of Lodges Under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Texas,

30 Thomas R. Power was the son of Charles and Antionette Power, He married Ellen Smith at Independence, Texas, April 26, 1871. Marriage Records of Washington County, (County Clerk’s Office, Brenham), Book 5, 466. He died Dec. 23, 1878 Final Records of Washington County, Book 0, 500-524.

31 Joseph E. Marsh enlisted as a Private in Co, C, 4th Regt. Tex. Inf. on July 15, 1861, in Robertson County, Texas, He was born in Washington County, Tex, and was a stock raiser prior to his enlistment, Received a Disability Discharge at a camp near Richmond, Va. on Aug. 7, 1862, Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

32. A.J. Law was evidently a wholesale merchant,

33. John H. Seward was the brother of Bettie Sevard Clay, born in Illinois, 1822, died at Independence, Tex. May 19, 1892 Independence Cemetery.

34. Mary Cummins Robertson was the wife of Jerome B, Robertson, Married May 24, 1858. Marriage Records of Washington County, Book No. 1, 2. Died April 7, 1868. Independence Cemetery.

35 The three letters dated November 17th, 18th and 19th, 1861, were all mailed in one envelope and tell of the organization of the 1st, 4th and 5th Regts, into the Texas Brigade.

36 Louis Trezevant Wigfall, 1816-1874, came to Texas from South Carolina in 1842. Member of the Legislature and U.S. Senate. Commissioned Brigadier Gen., C.S.A., Oct, 21, 1861, Led the Texas Brigade until Feb, 20, 1862 when he became C.S.A. Congressman. Boatner, The Civil War Dictionary, 918,

37 The name "Heno" or "Henv" occurs at least twice in the Clay letters, the spelling is uncertain. In one instance, it appears to be coupled with the surname "Tarver." Henry O. Robertson, Co, I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf., was called "Heno" H. S. Tarver enlisted as a 2nd Sgt. in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. Appointed

1st Sgt. Sept. 1, 1862. Wounded in action at Gettysburg, Pa, July 2, 1865. Captured at Cashtown, Pa. July 5, 1865. Sent to Point Lookout, Md. Oct. 2, 1865. Exchanged March 5, 1864 and furloughed to Texas, Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington D. C. Buried in Prairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Texas, no dates.

38 Hilly Holmes was V~. H. Holmes who enlisted as a Corporal, Co, I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. He became sick and was admitted to the hospital at Fredericksburg on Nov, 12, 1861 where he died April 9, 1862. Confederate Records, National Archives, T. Washington, D. C.

Wm. S. Holmes did not enlist in Co, I until March 15, 1862, and thus could not have been the Billy Holmes mentioned in the letter. Ibid.

W. A. Holmes enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas and was wounded at the battle of the Wilderness May 6, 1864. bid,

39 Ben J, Ha1dwin enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas, Disabled at Second Manassas Aug. 50, 1862. Wounded at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1865, Wounded at the Wilderness May 6, l864, Paro1ed at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. Ibid.

40. The 8th Census of 1860, Washington County, lists the following children of Tacitus and Bettie Clay: Nestor, 5; Samuel, 5; Anna, 6 months. The following children lived to maturity: Nestor, Carrie, Mary H. and Tassie Clay. Record of Final Estates of Washington County, Book L, 104-106, Feb, 12, 1872; Book Q, 440-447, Jan., 1883

41 D. W. Hudson enlisted as a musician in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf, on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas, Dropped as musician and detailed as nurse in Chimborazo Hospital, Nov 1, 1861. Ordered to Texas in charge of the sick January, 1862, Declared unfit for duty in the field by Medical Examining Board March, 1862. Served as Ward Master, Chimborazo Hospital, Jan.-Mar., 1864. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

42 Chimborazo Hospital was located on a hill near the outskirts of Richmond. It consisted of 150 wards, each in a building holding 40 to 60 patients, the wards being grouped into five divisions. Chimboraso was reported to be the largest military hospital in the world at that time, 76,000 patients being treated there during the War. Other large hospitals in and around Richmond were: Camp Winder, Camp Jackson, Stuart Hospital and Howard Grove. ChimBorazo was firts used to accommodate men from the Gulf States, In the summer of 1863 orders were issued making it a hospital for Virginia troops only. Phoebe Yates Penber (Belle Irvin Wiley, ed.), A Southern Woman's Story, (Jackson, Tenn., 1959), 5, 28, 60

43 J. H. Stephens enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on Aug. 3, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. Discharged for disability Nov. 25, 1861. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

44. Thomas Bates enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf, on Aug. 5, 1861, The Company Muster Rolls from Aug., 1861 through Feb., 1862 indicate that he enlisted in Washington County, Texas. The remainder of the rolls give the plane of his enlistment as Austin County, Texas. Wounded at Second Manassas Aug. 30, 1862. Captured at Carrsville, Va, (no date). Paroled at Fort Monroe, 13. May 13, 1863. Killed in action at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863;. IbId.

45. "At" was Capt. Clay’s body servant. Many Confederate officers took their servants with them to the Army where they performed camp duties.

46 John W. Kerr enlisted as a 2nd Lt. in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tax. Inf. Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County Texas, Promoted 1st Lt, Oct. 23, 1861. Appointed Adjutant Aug. 1, 1862. Promoted Captain A. A. G. Nov. 2, 1863. Promoted Brigade Inspector Dec 3, 1863. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington D.C.

47 Niel (Neal) Blue, no Service Record on file in either the National Archives Microfilm Index to Compiled Service Records or the Archives, Texas State Library, Austin

48. R.R Rainey enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on Aug. 3, 1861. Washington County, Texas. Discharged on Surgeon's Certificate July 20, 1862. Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, D. C.

49 Arthur H. Edey enlisted as a Private in Co. A, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on July 19, 1861, at Houston, Texas. Detailed as Agent for the Regt. in Richmond, Va., Feb. 7, 1862. Wounded and captured at Gettysburg July 2, 1865 and sent to Fort Wood, New York Harbor. Paroled at Lynchburg, Va. April 15, 1865. Ibid.

50 Capt. Clay was wounded at Gaines Farm, June 27, 1862 and sent to Owathmey Hospital (General Hospital No. 2l), Richmond, Va. Ibid,

51 Capt. Clay was furloughed to Texas after his release from the Hospital in Oct., 1862. He returned to the Regiment in June, 1865. Ibid.

52. The next letter refer to these recruits as "the two Jimmys." No further identification is possible.

53 Robert A. Park enlisted as 5th Sgt. in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex, Inf. on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas, Occupation Printer, Wounded in action at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862 by gunshot wound in right shoulder causing paralysis of right shoulder, Given disability discharge July 25, 1865, Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington, C. C,

54. Major Jefferson C. Rogers enlisted as Captain of Co G, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. on July 15,1861, in Milam County, Texas Promoted Nov 1, 1862, placed in command of the 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. Wounded at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1865 and retired to Invalid Corps Oct. 24, 1844. Ibid.

55 Mary Seward; sister of Bettie Seward Clay. Toland, Austin Knew His Athens, 11; 1860 Census, Washington County, Texas,

56 Julia Robertson, daughter of J. B. and M.E. Robertson, wife of T. H. Nott, died Jan, 14, 1885. Independence Cemetery.

57 Betty Robertson, daughter of Rebecca Robertson, 1860 Census, Washington County, Tex, She later married Capt. T. C. Clay, cousin of Capt. T. T. Clay. Born Feb. 11, 1842, died Feb, 25, 1951, Independence Cemetery.

58 Daughters of Shubael and Lucioda Marsh. 1860 Census of Washington County.

59 Lucy A. was probably Lucy Atkinson, who graduated from Baylor Female College, Independence, Texas, in 1859. J. N. Carroll, A History of Texas Baptists (Dallas, 1925), 56c. She presided the LaBahia Rifles (Co. G, 10th Inf. Vol. Inf. Regt.) with a silken banner at their muster in Washington County in July, 1861. Mrs. 2.2. Pennington, The History of Brenham and Washington County (Houston, 19l5), 36.

60 Anhy (Anhie) Chapman was Bettie Seward Clay's cousin, lived in Galveston, Their mothers were sisters, Letter from Mrs. Pauline Thornhili Brown to N. W., Oct, 5, 1968.

61 John Dean enlisted as a Private Co. I, 5th Regt. Inf. on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. Wounded at Gettysburg July 2, 1865. Wounded at the Wilderness May 6, 1864. Killed at Cold Harbor June 1, 1866, Confederate Records, National Archives, Washington D.C.

62. John S. Hafner enlisted as a private in Co. I, th Regt. Tex. Inf on march 17, 1862 at Independence, Texas. Promoted to 4th Corporal June 23, 1863. Promoted to 4th Corporal June 23, 1863. Promoted 2nd Corporal Sept.-Oct1863. Promoted 5th Sgt Oct 31. 1864 paroled at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. Ibid.

63. J.L. Holmes transferred from Co. C, 20th Regt. Tex, Volunteers to Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. On may 1863, Wounded at Getttysburg July 2, 1863. Died July 5, 1863. Ibid.

64. William H. Short enlisted as a private in Co. I, 5th Regt. Tex Inf. In Washington County. Texas on Aug 3, 1861. Wounded in left arm and chest at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863. Captured. Exchanged. Discharged Sept. 6, 1864. Ibid.

65 Col. R.M. Powell enlisted as a captain in Co. D 5th Regt. Tex. Inf. On Aug. 2 1861 at Harrisburg, Texas. Promoted to major Aug. 22, 1862. Commissioned Lt. Col. Aug. 30th, 1862. Promoted to Col. Nov. 1, 1862. He was commanding the 5th Texas. Promoted to Col. Nov 1, 1862. Wounded and captured at Gettysburg July 2, 1863. Confined to ft. Mc Henery, Md. Sent to Johnson’s island, Ohio sept. 28, 1863. Released Feb. 2, 1865. In command of the Texas Brigade at Appomattox April 9, 1865. Ibid.

66 R. Thomas Harper enlisted as a 2nd Lt. In Co. E, 5th Regt. Texas Inf. On July 19, 1861 at Washington, Texas Promoted 1st Lt. July 22, 1862. In command of Co. E Sept-Oct 1862. Wounded and captured at Gettysburg July 2, 1863. Paroled at Johnson’s Island, Ohio and sent to Point Look, Md. For exchange march 14, 1865. Ibid.

67 D. C. Farmer enlisted as a 2nd Junior Lt. to Co, A, 5th Regt. Tex Inf. On July 19, 1861, in Houston, Texas. Promoted to captain Nov. &, 1861. Wounded at Gettysburg July2, 1863. On extra duty as Lt. Col. Of the Regt. Nov., 1863-April, 1864. Wounded at the Wilderness may 6th, 1864. Sent to Texas on detach service on Aug, 15th, 1864. Still in Texas Feb 24, 1865. Ibid.

68. At the battle of Darbytown Road, Clay suffered at wound which necessitated the amputation of his right leg, thus rendering him unfit for further military duty. Ibid.

69. D.F. Morgan enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Texas Regt. Tex Inf. On August 3, 1861 in Washington County, Texas. Occupation Schoolmaster. Wounded in action at Sharpsburg Sept 17, 1862. Promoted to 5th Sgt. June 6th, 1863. Promoted to 3rd Sgt. July-Aug., 1864. Died in General Hospital, Howard’s Grove, at Richmond, Va. Oct 27, 1864. Ibid..

70.  J. A. Hallum enlisted as a Private in Co. I, 5th Regt. on. Jof, on Aug. 5, 1861, in Washington County, Texas. Wounded at Gaines Mill, Va. June 27, 1862. Wounded in the left leg at Darbytown Road Oce. 7, 1866. Ibid.