This Lone Star Battle Flag of the First Texas Infantry was known as the "Wigfall Flag." The 5 x 8 foot silk flag was made by Mrs. Louis T. Wigfall, and presented to the regiment in 1861. The battle honors were added in the summer of 1862. The Wigfall flag, along with 9 flag bearers, was lost in what was arguably the most vicious fighting of the war at Sharpsburg, Maryland on September 17, 1862.
First Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment
If reenacting or living-history appeals to you, contact the Recruiting Office to enlist, or look over the Order of Battle, and come out to see the men in action. Someone, or several people, will be glad to talk with you personally. Now just close your eyes for a moment… listen… can you hear the guns and smell the smoke? It’s time for you to rally to the colors!
The 1st Texas Infantry was one of the core regiments in "Hood’s Texas Brigade", arguably the most celebrated infantry brigade in the Confederate Army. It was the only Texas unit in Gen’l Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. The 1st Texas was recruited largely from East Texas in April 1861 after the opening shots of the War Between The States, and was the only regiment in the Confederate Army comprised of twelve companies. The regulations called for ten. All of the companies made their way piecemeal to Virginia in the spring and summer of 1861. Later that fall with the arrival of the 4th and 5th Texas, the 1st Texas and its colonel, Louis Trezevant Wigfall, (being promoted to brigadier-general), was assigned to the new Texas Brigade. The three regiments were brigaded together for the first time on November 13, 1861, when the 4th and 5th joined the 1st at Dumfries, Virginia, roughly 25 miles south of Washington City. Thus the frontier Texans, who were admired as the best riders and riflemen in the army, began their almost matchless and unsurpassed march across the pages of history. The 1st Texas Infantry, nicknamed the "Ragged Old First," experienced its day of glory in the cornfield at Sharpsburg, Maryland on September 17, 1862, suffering 82% casualties - the highest of any regiment North or South during the war. On May 20, 1863, Private West penned a letter to his wife in Texas and remarked, "We can not be whipped, though they may kill us all." At sunrise on April 12, 1865 near Appomattox, Virginia, only 149 men of the 1st Texas Infantry Regiment remained to surrender their well-used Enfields and bullet riddled flag to the Union troops. …. One Company had no survivors at all.
The Great State of Texas has once again given approval and recognition of the First Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment. From these same counties in Texas, as in 1861, volunteers are being called and troops are being raised to fill the once-glorious but depleted ranks. You are invited to join with other lovers of history in recreating the companies that made up this remarkable command.
The purpose of the organization is to establish a body of men (known as reenactors) to identify with the 1st Texas Infantry through living-history vignettes. Living-history may be best defined as activities depicting historical events and people with the clothing, equipment, food and speech of the time; and having the knowledge and understanding of an actual occurrence so as to historically relive the event. There are more than 40,000 people engaged as military and civilian reenactors in this fascinating hobby and sport. Of course, like anything else, there are varying degrees of commitment - and in the case of reenacting, authenticity.
Units of the 1st Texas Infantry are committed in spirit and deed to the historically accurate portrayal of the gallant men who served in the companies of this renowned regiment. You too can become a soldier in the lines, wear the uniform, and fight the battles of this defiant command.
Contact the Recruiting Office with any Questions